Bībī Safūrā who later became known by her pen name, Mahjūbah Hiravī, was an early twentieth-century Afghan poetess. She was born in 1906 /1285 in the city of Badghis, Afghanistan. Her father, Abu al-Qasim Khan, was a government official and her first teacher. She began reciting poetry at fourteen and went on to become one of the most celebrated Afghan female poetesses of the early twentieth century. She was a member of the Herat Literary Association and had literary exchanges with some of the famous Afghan poets of the time. She died in 1345/1966 in the city of Herat.